The DePaul Magazine article “Moral Injury and the Military Veteran” discusses the university’s Multi-Faith Veterans Support Project, a new program from DePaul’s Egan Office for Urban Education and Community Partnerships at the Steans Center. The project is helping to educate faith communities and behavioral health organizations on how to reach out to veterans in the community they suspect are suffering. One of the project’s partners is the Soul Repair Center at the Brite Divinity School in Fort Worth, Texas. Below, the co-director of the center offers additional insight into moral injury.
Poll any random sample of people, and most will have heard of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Ask the same group about moral injury, and the opposite will probably be true. Although many have never heard of the concept, it’s quickly gaining awareness among the clinical, pastoral and military communities who work together to help veterans who are suffering.
“The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs only sees people with a PTSD diagnosis, but there was this subset of veterans who weren’t exhibiting the typical fear reactions associated with PTSD,” says the Rev. Rita Brock, co-director of the Soul Repair Center, which conducts research and educates the public about moral injury. “They were presenting feelings of shame and guilt, and the clinicians realized they weren’t treating those things. This was something else entirely.”
Brock says that though counseling is an important piece of the treatment for moral injury, it might not be enough. Veterans can make progress when you bring in someone who will listen—like a family member, friend or fellow veteran—as well as someone who can help rebuild what Brock calls a “meaning system,” such as a pastor or other spiritual leader.
“Your meaning system is what connects you to other people [and answers] those questions that go unanswered for many with moral injury,” Brock says. “‘What and who can I trust in the world? How can I make sense of my behavior? Who is God if God is all-powerful and lets [bad things] happen?’ Being able to put these questions into perspective in your life—[as well as being able] to take a disturbing memory and make it part of your past, but not the thing that makes you all of who you are—is how a pastor, friends and family can get involved, in addition to clinicians, and make a real difference.”
Photo credit: U.S. Air Force/Tech. Sgt. Nadine Barclay.